Cell phone radiation poses a serious biological & health risk - well documented
Table of Contents

Cell phone radiation poses a serious biological & health risk and is well documented

References:

Abelin, T., 1999:

"Sleep disruption and melatonin reduction from exposure to a shortwave radio signal."
Seminar at Canterbury Regional Council, New Zealand. August 1999.

Alberts, E.N., 1977:

"Light and electron microscopic observations on the blood-brain barrier after microwave irradiation. In Symposium on Biological effects and measurement of Radio Frequency/Microwaves,
HEW Publication (FDA) 77-8026, pp 294-309.

Alberts, E.N., 1978:

"Reversibility of microwave induced blood-brain barrier permeability."
Radio Science Supplement.

Altpeter, E.S., Krebs, Th., Pfluger, D.H., von Kanel, J., Blattmann, R., et al., 1995:

"Study of health effects of Shortwave Transmitter Station of Schwarzenburg, Berne, Switzerland."
University of Berne, Institute for Social and Preventative Medicine, August 1995.

Altamura G, Toscano S, Gentilucci G, Ammirati F, Castro A, Pandozi C, Santini M, 1997:

"Influence of digital and analogue cellular telephones on implanted pacemakers."
Eur Heart J 18(10): 1632-4161.

Balcer-Kubiczek, E.K. and Harrison, G.H., 1991:

"Neoplastic transformation of C3H/10T1/2 cells following exposure to 120Hz modulated 2.45 GHz microwaves and phorbol ester tumor promoter."
Radiation Research, 125: 65-72.

Balode, Z., 1996:

“Assessment of radio-frequency electromagnetic radiation by the micronucleus test in Bovine peripheral erythrocytes.”
The Science of the Total Environment, 180: 81-86.

Balodis, V., Brumelis, G., Kalviskis, K., Nikodemus, O., Tjarve, D. and Znottina, V, 1996:

"Does the Skrunda Radio Location Station diminish the radial growth of pine trees?."
Sci. Tot Environ 180: 57-64.

Barbaro V, Bartolini P, Donato A, Militello C, 1996:

"Electromagnetic interference of analog cellular telephones with pacemakers."
Pacing Clin Electrophysiol 19(10): 1410-1418.

Baris, D. and Armstrong, B., 1990: "Suicide among electric utility workers in England and Wales."

Br J Indust Med 47:788-789.

Bawin, S.M. and Adey, W.R., 1976:

“Sensitivity of calcium binding in cerebral tissue to weak electric fields oscillating at low frequency”.
Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, 73: 1999-2003.

Beall, C., Delzell, E., Cole, P., and Brill, I., 1996:

"Brain tumors among electronics industry workers."
Epidemiology, 7(2): 125-130.

Blackman, C.F., Benane, S.G., Elliott, D.J., and Pollock, M.M., 1988:

“Influence of Electromagnetic Fields on the Efflux of Calcium Ions from Brain Tissue in Vitro: A Three-Model Analysis Consistent
with the Frequency Response up to 510 Hz”.
Bioelectromagnetics, 9:215-227.

Blackman, C.F., Kinney, L.S., House, D.E., and Joines, W.T., 1989:

“Multiple power-density windows and their possible origin”.
Bioelectromagnetics, 10: 115-128.

Blackman, C.F., 1990: "ELF effects on calcium homeostasis."

In "Extremely low frequency electromagnetic fields: The question of cancer",
BW Wilson, RG Stevens, LE Anderson Eds, Publ. Battelle Press Columbus: 1990; 187-208.

Borbely, AA, Huber, R, Graf, T, Fuchs, B, Gallmann, E, Achermann, P, 1999:

Pulsed high-frequency electromagnetic field affects human sleep and sleep electroencephalogram.
Neurosci Lett 275(3):207-210.

Bortkiewicz, A., Zmyslony, M., Palczynski, C., Gadzicka, E. and Szmigielski, S., 1995:

"Dysregulation of autonomic control of cardiac function in workers at AM broadcasting stations (0.738-1.503 MHz)."
Electro- and Magnetobiology 14(3): 177-191.

Bortkiewicz, A., Gadzicka, E. and Zmyslony, M., 1996:

"Heart rate in workers exposed to mediumfrequency electromagnetic fields."
J Auto Nerv Sys 59: 91-97.

Bortkiewicz, A., Zmyslony, M., Gadzicka, E., Palczynski, C. and Szmigielski, S., 1997:

"Ambulatory ECG monitoring in workers exposed to electromagnetic fields."
J Med Eng and Tech 21(2):41-46.

Braune, S, Wrocklage, C, Raczek, J, Gailus, T, Lucking, CH, 1998:

Resting blood pressure increase during exposure to a radio-frequency electromagnetic field.
Lancet 351(9119):1857-1858.

Brown-Woodman, P.D., Hadley, J.A., Richardson, L., Bright, D. and Porter, D., 1989:

"Evaluation of reproductive function of female rats exposed to radiofrequency fields (27.12 MHz) near a short-wave diathermy machine."
Health Physics 56(4): 521-525.

Brueve, R., Feldmane, G., Heisele, O., Volrate, A. and Balodis, V., 1998:

"Several immune system functions of the residents from territories exposed to pulse radio-frequency radiation."
Presented to the Annual Conference of the ISEE and ISEA, Boston Massachusetts July 1998."

Burch, JB, Reif, JS, Pitrat, CA, Keele, TJ, Yost, MG, 1997:

Cellular telephone use and excretion of a urinary melatonin metabolite. Abstract of the Annual Review of Research on Biological Effects of
Electric and Magnetic Fields from the Generation, delivery & Use of Electricity, San Diego, CA, 1997,
pp.110.

Burch, J.B., Reif, J.S., Yost, M.G., Keefe, T.J. and Pittrat, C.A., 1998:

"Nocturnal excretion of urinary melatonin metabolite among utility workers."
Scand J Work Environ Health 24(3): 183-189.

Byus, C.V., Kartun, K., Pieper, S. and Adey, W.R., 1988:

"Increased ornithine decarboxylase activity in cultured cells exposed to low energy modulated microwave fields and phorbol ester tumor promoters."
Cancer research, 48(15): 4222-4226.

Cantor, K.P., Stewart, P.A., Brinton, L.A., and Dosemeci, M., 1995:

“Occupational exposures and female breast cancer mortality in the United States”.
Journal of Occupational Medicine, 37(3): 336-348.

Chen WH, Lau CP, Leung SK, Ho DS, Lee IS, 1996:

"Interference of cellular phones with implanted permanent pacemakers."
Clin Cardiol 19(11): 881-886.

Cherry, N.J., 2000:

"Evidence that electromagnetic radiation is genotoxic: the implications for the epidemiology of cancer and cardiac, neurological and reproductive effects."
Proceedings of the conference on EMR Health Effects, European Parliament, Brussels. 28th June 2000.

Chou, C-K., Guy, A.W., Kunz, L.L., Johnson, R.B., Crowley, J.J. and Krupp, J.H., 1992:

"Long-term, low-level microwave irradiation of rats."
Bioelectromagnetics 13: 469-496.

Daniells, C, Duce, I, Thomas, D, Sewell, P, Tattersall, J, de Pomerai, D, 1998:

"Transgenic nematodes as biomonitors of microwave-induced stress."
Mutat Res 399: 55-64.

Dasdag, S, Ketani, MA, Akdag, Z, Ersay, AR, Sar,i I, Demirtas ,OC, Celik, MS, 1999:

Whole-body microwave exposure emitted by cellular phones and testicular function of rats.
Urol Res 27(3):219-223.

Davis, R.L. and Mostofl, 1993:

"Cluster of testicular cancer in police officers exposed to hand-held radar."
Am. J. Indust. Med. 24: 231-233.

Deroche, M., 1971:

"Etude des perturbations biologiques chez les techniciens O.R.T.F. dans certains champs electromagnetiques de haute frequence."
Arch Mal. Prof, 32: 679-683.

De Mattei, M., Caruso, A., Traina, G.C., Pezzetti, F., Baroni, T., and Sollazzo, V., 1999:

"Correlation between pulsed electromagnetic fields exposure time and cell proliferation increase in human osteosarcoma cell lines and human normal osteoblast cells in vitro."
Bioelectromagnetics 20: 177-182.

De Pomerai, D., Daniells, C., David, H., Duce, I., Mutwakil, M., Thomas, D., Sewell, P., Tattersall, J., Jones, D., and candido, P., 2000:

"Non-thermal heat-shock response to microwaves."
Nature May 25, de Seze R, Fabbro-Peray P, Miro L, 1998: GSM radiocellular telephones do not disturb the secretion
of antepituitary hormones in humans.
Bioelectromagnetics 19(5):271-8.

Dmoch, A. and Moszczynski, P., 1998:

"Levels of immunoglobulin and subpopulations of T lymphocytes and NK cells in men occupationally exposed to microwave radiation in frequencies of 6-12GHz."
Med Pr 49(1):45-49.

Dolk, H., Shaddick, G., Walls, P., Grundy, C., Thakrar, B., Kleinschmidt, I. and Elliott, P., 1997a:

“Cancer incidence near radio and television transmitters in Great Britain, I - Sutton-Colfield transmitter”.
American J. of Epidemiology, 145(1):1-9.

Dolk, H., Elliott, P., Shaddick, G., Walls, P., Grundy, C., and Thakrar, B.,1997b:

“Cancer incidence near radio and television transmitters in Great Britain, II All high power transmitters”.
American J. of Epidemiology, 145(1):10-17.

Donnellan M, McKenzie DR, French PW, 1997: Effects of exposure to electromagnetic radiation at 835 MHz on growth, morphology and secretory characteristics of a mast cell analogue, RBL-2H3.

Cell Biol Int 21:427-439.

Eulitz, C, Ullsperger, P, Freude, G, Elbert ,T, 1998:

Mobile phones modulate response patterns of human brain activity.
Neuroreport 9(14):3229-3232.

Fesenko, EE, Makar, VR, Novoselova, EG, Sadovnikov, VB, 1999:

Microwaves and cellular immunity. I. Effect of whole body microwave irradiation on tumor necrosis factor production in mouse cells.
Bioelectrochem Bioenerg 49(1):29-35.

Flaherty, J.A., 1994:

"The effect of non-ionising electromagnetic radiation on RAAF personnel during World War II."
Australian Family Physician 23(5): 902-904.

Forman, S.A., Holmes, C.K., McManamon, T.V., and Wedding, W.R., 1982:

"Physiological Symptoms and Intermittent Hypertension following acute microwave exposure."
J. of Occup. Med. 24(11): 932-934.

Freude, G, Ullsperger, P, Eggert ,S, Ruppe, I, 1998:

Effects of microwaves emitted by cellular phones on human slow brain potentials.
Bioelectromagnetics 19(6):384-387.

French PW, Donnellan M, McKenzie DR, 1997:

Electromagnetic radiation at 835 MHz changes the morphology and inhibits proliferation of a human astrocytoma cell line.
Bioelectrochem Bioenerg 43:13-18.

Freude, G, Ullsperger, P, Eggert, S, Ruppe, I, 2000:

Microwaves emitted by cellular telephones affect human slow brain potentials.
Eur J Appl Physiol 81(1-2):18-27.

Frey, A.H., Feld, S.R. and Frey. B., 1975: "Neural function and behavior: defining the relationship in
biological effects of nonionizing radiation." Ann. N.Y. Acad. Sci. 247: 433-438.
Frey, A.H., 1998: "Headaches from cellular telephones: are they real and what are the impacts."
Environ Health Perspect 106(3):101-103.

Fritze K, Wiessner C, Kuster N, Sommer C, Gass P, Hermann DM, Kiessling M, Hossmann KA, 1997:
Effect of global system for mobile communication microwave exposure on the genomic response of
the rat brain. Neuroscience 81(3):627-639.

Garaj-Vrhovac, V., Fucic, A, and Horvat, D., 1990: "Comparison of chromosome aberration and
micronucleus induction in human lymphocytes after occupational exposure to vinyl chloride monomer
and microwave radiation.", Periodicum Biologorum, Vol 92, No.4, pp 411-416.

Garaj-Vrhovac, V., Horvat, D. and Koren, Z., 1991: "The relationship between colony-forming ability,
chromosome aberrations and incidence of micronuclei in V79 Chinese Hamster cells exposed to
microwave radiation." Mutat Res 263: 143-149.

Garaj-Vrhovac, V., Fucic, A, and Horvat, D., 1992: The correlation between the frequency of
micronuclei and specific aberrations in human lymphocytes exposed to microwave radiation in vitro”.
Mutation Research, 281: 181-186.

Garaj-Vrhovac, V., and Fucic, A., 1993: “The rate of elimination of chromosomal aberrations after
accidental exposure to microwave radiation”. Bioelectrochemistry and Bioenergetics, 30:319-325.

Garaj-Vrhovac, V., 1999: "Micronucleus assay and lymphocyte mitotic activity in risk assessment of
occupational exposure to microwave radiation. Chemosphere 39(13): 2301-2312.

Gibbs, F.A.G. and Gibbs, E.L.G., 1951: "Atlas of electroencephalograph, Volume 1: Methodology and
Controls." Addison Wesley Publishing Co. USA.

Gordon, Z.V., 1966: "Problems of industrial hygiene and the biological effects of electromagnetic
superhigh frequency fields." Moscow Medicina [In Russian] English translation in NASA Rept TT-F-
633, 1976.

Goswami, P.C., Albee, L.D., Parsian, A.J., Baty, J.D., Moros, E.G., Pickard, W.F., Roti Roti, J.L. and
Hunt, C.R., 1999: "Proto-oncogene mRNA levels and activities of multiple transcription factors in C3H
10T 1/2 murine embryonic fibroblasts exposed to 835.62 and 847.74 MHz cellular telephone
communication frequency radiation." Radiat Res 151(3): 300-309.

Grayson, J.K., 1996: “Radiation Exposure, Socioeconomic Status, and Brain Tumour Risk in the US
Air Force: A nested Case-Control Study”. American J. of Epidemiology, 143 (5), 480-486.

Haider, T., Knasmueller, S., Kundi, M, and Haider, M., 1994: “Clastogenic effects of radiofrequency
radiation on chromosomes of Tradescantia”. Mutation Research, 324:65-68.

Hamburger, S., Logue, J.N., and Sternthal, P.M., 1983: "Occupational exposure to non-ionizing
radiation and an association with heart disease: an exploratory study." J Chronic Diseases, Vol 36, pp
791-802.

Hanson Mild, K, Oftedal, G, Sandstrom, M, Wilen, J, Tynes, T, Haugsdal, B, Hauger E, 1998:
Comparison of symptoms experienced by users of analogue and digital mobile phones: a Swedish-
Norwegian epidemiological study. Arbetslivsrapport 23.

Hardell, L, Reizenstein, J, Johansson, B, Gertzen, H, Mild, KH, 1999: Angiosarcoma of the scalp and
use of a cordless (portable) telephone. Epidemiology 10(6):785-786.

Hardell, L, Nasman, A, Pahlson, A, Hallquist, A, Hansson Mild, K, 1999: Use of cellular telephones
and the risk for brain tumours: A case-control study. Int J Oncol 15(1):113-116.

Hardell, L, Nasman, A, Hallquist, A, 2000: "Case-control study of radiology work, medical X-ray
investigations and use of cellular telephones as risk factors." J of General Medicine.

<www.medscape.com/Medscape/GeneralMedicine/journal/…/v02.n03/>
Hayes, R.B., Morris Brown, L., Pottern, L.M., Gomez, M., Kardaun, J.W.P.F., Hoover, R.N., O'Connell,
K.J., Sutsman, R.E. and Nasser, J., 1990: Occupational and Risk for Testicular Cancer: A Case
Control Study. International Journal of Epidemiology, 19, No.4, pp 825-831.

Heller, J.H., and Teixeira-Pinto, A.A., 1959: “A new physical method of creating chromosome
aberrations”. Nature, Vol 183, No. 4665, March 28, 1959, pp 905-906.

Hladky, A, Musil, J, Roth, Z, Urban, P, Blazkova, V, 1999: Acute effects of using a mobile phone on
CNS functions. Cent Eur J Public Health 7(4):165-167.

Hocking, B., Gordon, I.R., Grain, H.L., and Hatfield, G.E., 1996: “Cancer incidence and mortality and
proximity to TV towers”. Medical Journal of Australia, Vol 165, 2/16 December, pp 601-605.

Hocking, B, 1998: Preliminary report: symptoms associated with mobile phone use. Occup Med
(Lond);48(6):357-360.

Hofgartner F, Muller T, Sigel H, 1996: "Could C- and D-network mobile phones endanger patients
with pacemakers?." Dtsch Med Wochenschr 121(20): 646-652,. [Article in German]
Huber, R., Graf, T., Cote, K.A., Wittmann, L., Gallman, E., Matter, D., Schuderer, J., Kuster, N.,
Bordely, A.A. and Achermann, P., 2000: "Exposure to high-frequency electroamgnetic field during
waking affects human sleep EEG." Neuroreport 11(15): 3321-3325.

Ivaschuk, O.I., Jones, R.A., Ishida-Jones, T., Haggren, Q., Adey, W.R. and Phillips, J.L., 1997:
"Exposure of nerve growth factor-treated PC12 rat pheochromscytoma cells to a modulated
radiofrequency field at 836.55 MHz: effects on c-jun and c-fos expression." Bioelectromagnetics 18(3):
223-229.

Johansen, C., Boice, J.D., McLaughlin, J.K. and Olsen, J., 2001: "Cellular telephones and cancer - a
nationwide cohort study in Denmark." J Nat Cancer Inst 93(3): 203-207.

Kallen, B., Malmquist, G., and Moritz, U., 1982: “Delivery Outcome among Physiotherapists in
Sweden: is Non-ionizing Radiation a Fetal Hazard? Archives of Environmental Health, 37(2): 81-84.

Kellenyi, L, Thuroczy, G, Faludy, B, Lenard, L, 1999: Effects of mobile GSM radiotelephone exposure
on the auditory brainstem response (ABR). Neurobiology 7:79-81.

Khudnitskii, SS, Moshkarev, EA, Fomenko, TV, 1999: [On the evaluation of the influence of cellular
phones on their users]. [Article in Russian] Med Tr Prom Ekol (9):20-24.

Kolomytkin, O., Kuznetsov, V., Yurinska, M, Zharikova, A., and Zharikov, S., 1994: “Response of brain
receptor systems to microwave energy exposure”. pp 195-206 in “On the nature of electromagnetic
field interactions with biological systems”, Ed Frey, A.H., Publ. R.G. Landes Co.
Koivisto, M, Revonsuo, A, Krause, C, Haarala, C, Sillanmaki, L, Laine, M, Hamalainen, H, 2000:
Effects of 902 MHz electromagnetic field emitted by cellular telephones on response times in humans.
Neuroreport 11(2):413-415.

Kolodynski, A.A. and Kolodynska, V.V., 1996: “Motor and psychological functions of school children
living in the area of the Skrunda Radio Location Station in Latvia”. The Science of the Total
Environment, Vol 180, pp 87-93.

König, H.L., 1974: “Behavioural changes in human subjects associated with ELF electric fields”. In
“ELF and VLF electromagnetic field effects”, M.A. Persinger Ed, Publ. Plenum Press, New York.
Krause, C.M., Sillanmaki, L., Koivisto, M., Haggqvist, A., Saarela, C., Revonsuo, A., Laine, M. and
Hamalainen H., 2000: "Effects of electromagnetic field emitted by cellular phones on the EEG during a
memory task." Neuroreport 11(4): 761-764.

Kwee, S, Raskmark, P, 1997: Radiofrequency electromagnetic fields and cell proliferation. Presented
at the Second World Congress for Electricity and Magnetism in Biology and Medicine, Bologna, Italy,
June.
Lai, H. and Singh, N.P., 1995: “Acute low-intensity microwave exposure increases DNA single-strand
breaks in rat brain cells”. Bioelectromagnetics, Vol 16, pp 207-210, 1995.

Lai, H. and Singh, N.P., 1996: “Single- and double-strand DNA breaks in rat brain cells after acute
exposure to radiofrequency electromagnetic radiation”. Int. J. Radiation Biology, 69 (4): 513-521.

Lai, H., and Singh, N.P., 1997: “Melatonin and Spin-Trap compound Block Radiofrequency
Electromagnetic Radiation-induced DNA Strands Breaks in Rat Brain Cells.” Bioelectromagnetics,
18:446-454.

Lamble D, Kauranen T, Laakso M, Summala H, 1999: "Cognitive load and detection thresholds in car
following situations: safety implications for using mobile (cellular) telephones while driving." Accid Anal
Pre ;31(6):617-623.

Larsen, A.I., Olsen, J., and Svane, O., 1991: "Gender specific reproductive outcome and exposure to
high frequency electromagnetic radiation among physiotherapists." Scand. J. Work Environ. Health,
Vol.17, pp 324-329.

Lebedeva, N.N., Sulimov, A.V., Sulimova, O.P., Kotrovskaya, T.I. and Galius, T., 2000: "Cellular
phone electromagnetic field effects on the bioelectric activity of human brain." Crit. Rev Biomed Eng
28(1-2): 323-327.

Lilienfeld, A.M., Tonascia, J., and Tonascia S., Libauer, C.A., and Cauthen, G.M., 1978: “Foreign
Service health status study - evaluation of health status of foreign service and other employees from
selected eastern European posts”. Final Report (Contract number 6025-619073) to the U.S. Dept of
State, July 31, 1978.

Litovitz, T.A., Krause, D., Penafiel, M., Elson, E.C. and Mullins, J.M., 1993: "The role of coherence
time in the effect of microwaves on ornithine decarboxylase activity." Bioelectromagnetics 14(5): 395-
403.

Maes A, Collier M, Van Gorp U, Vandoninck S, Verschaeve L, 1997: Cytogenetic effects of 935.2-MHz
(GSM) microwaves alone and in combination with mitomycin C. Mutat Res 393(1-2): 151-156.

Magone, I., 1996: "The effect of electromagnetic radiation from the Skrunda radio location station on
Spirodela polyrhiza (L.) Schleiden cultures." Sci Total Env 180: 75-80.

Mann, K, Roschke, J, 1996: Effects of pulsed high-frequency electromagnetic fields on human sleep.
Neuropsychobiology 33(1):41-47.

Milham, S., 1982: "Mortality from leukemia in workers exposed to electric and magnetic fields." New
England J. of Med., 307: 249-250.

Milham, S., 1985: "Silent Keys", Lancet 1, 815, 1985.

Milham S., 1985: "Mortality in workers exposed to electromagnetic fields. Environ Health Perspectives
62:297-300.

Milham, S., 1988: "Increased mortality in amateur radio operators due to lymphatic and hematopoietic
malignancies." Am. J. Epidemiology, Vol 127, No.1, pp 50-54.

Milham, S., 1996: "Increased incidence of cancer in a cohort of office workers exposed to strong
magnetic fields." Am. J. Ind. Med. 30(6): 702-704.

Morgan, R.W., Kelsh, M.A., Zhao, K., Exuzides, K.A., Heringer, S and Negrete, W., 2000:
"Radiofrequency exposure and mortality from cancer of the brain and lymphatic/hematopoietic
systems." Epidemiology 11(2): 118-127.

Moscovici, B., Lavyel, A. and Ben Itzhac, D., 1974: "Exposure to electromagnetic radiation among
workers." Family Physician 3(3): 121.

Muscat, J., Malkin, M.G., Thompson, S., Sjore, R.E., Stelman, S.D., McRee, D, Neugut, A.I. and
Wynder, E.I., 2000: "Handheld cellular telephone use and risk of brain cancer." JAMA Dec 20,
284(23): 3001-3007.

Naegeli B, Osswald S, Deola M, Burkart F, 1996: "Intermittent pacemaker dysfunction caused by
digital mobile telephones." J Am Coll Cardiol 27(6):1471-1477.

Nawrot, P.S., McRee, D.I. and Galvin, M.J., 1985: "Teratogenic, biochemical and histological studies
with mice prenatally exposed 2.45 GHz microwave radiation." Radiation Research 102(1): 35-45.

Occhetta E, Plebani L, Bortnik M, Sacchetti G, Trevi G, 1999: "Implantable cardioverter defibrillators
and cellular telephones: is there any interference?." Pacing Clin Electrophysiol 22(7): 983-989.

Oscar, K.J. and Hawkins, T.D., 1997: "Microwaves alteration of the blood-brain barrier system of rats."
Brain Research 126: 281-293.

Ouellet-Hellstrom, R. and Stewart, W.F., 1993:
“Miscarriages among Female Physical Therapists who report using radio- and microwave- frequency electromagnetic radiation.” American J. of Epidemiology, 138 (10): 775-86.

Persson, B.R.R., Salford, L.G. and Brun, A., 1997:

"Blood-brain barrier permeability in rats exposed to electromagnetic fields used in wireless communication."
Wireless Network 3: 455-461.

Penafiel, L.M., Litovitz, T., Krause, D., Desta, A. and Mullins, J.M., 1997:

"Role of modulation on the effect of microwaves on ornithine decarboxylase activity in L929 cells."
Bioelectromagnetics 18(2): 132-141.

Perry, F.S., Reichmanis, M., Marino, A. and Becker, R.O., 1981:

"Environmental power-frequency magnetic fields and suicide."
Health Phys 41(2): 267-277.

Phelan, A.M., Lange, D.G., Kues, H.A, and Lutty, G.A., 1992:

“Modification of membrane fluidity in Melanin-containing cells by low-level microwave radiation”.
Bioelectromagnetics 13: 131-146.

Philips, J.L., Haggren, W., Thomas, W.J., Ishida-Jones, T. and Adey, W.R., 1992:

"Magnetic fieldinduced changes in specific gene transcription."
Biochem Biophys Acta 1132(2): 140-144.

Philips, J.L., Haggren, W., Thomas, W.J., Ishida-Jones, T. and Adey, W.R., 1993:

"Effect of 72 Hz pulsed magnetic field exposure on ras p21 expression in CCRF-CEM cells."
Cancer Biochem Biophys 13(3): 187-193.

Phillips, J.L., Ivaschuk, O., Ishida-Jones, T., Jones, R.A., Campbell-Beachler, M. and Haggnen, W.,1998:

"DNA damage in molt-4 T-lymphoblastoid cells exposed to cellular telephone radiofrequency fields in vitro."
Bioelectrochem Bioenerg 45: 103-110.

Polk, C., 1982:

"Schumann Resonances."
In CRC Handbook of Atmospherics, Vol 1, pp 111-177,

Prausnitz, S. and Susskind, C., 1962:

"Effects of chronic microwave irradiation of mice."
IRE Trans Biomend Electron 9:104-108.

Preece, AW, Iwi, G, Davies-Smith, A, Wesnes, K, Butler, S, Lim, E, Varey, A, 1999:

Effect of a 915 MHz simulated mobile phone signal on cognitive function in man.
Int J Radiat Biol 75(4):447-456.

Quan, R., Yang, C., Rubinstein, S., Lewiston, N.J., Sunshine, P., Stevenson, D.K. and Kerner, J.A., 1992:

"Effects of microwave radiation on anti-infective factors in human milk."
Pediatrics 89(4):667-669.

Redelmeier, D.A. and Tibshirani, R.J., 1997:

"Association between cellular-telephone calls and motor vehicle collisions."
New England J Medicine 336(7): 453-458.

Repacholi, MH, Basten, A, Gebski, V, Noonan, D, Finnie, J, Harris, AW, 1997:

Lymphomas in E mu-Pim1 transgenic mice exposed to pulsed 900 MHz electromagnetic fields.
Radiat Res 147(5):631-640.

Robinette, C.D., Silverman, C. and Jablon, S., 1980:

“Effects upon health of occupational exposure to microwave radiation (radar)”.
American Journal of Epidemiology, 112(1):39-53, 1980.

Rothman KJ, Loughlin JE, Funch DP, Dreyer NA.,1996:

Overall mortality of cellular telephone customers.
Epidemiology 7:303-305.

Salford, L.G., Brun, A., Sturesson, K., Eberhardt, J.L. and Persson, B.R.R., 1994:

Permeability of the Blood-Brain Barrier induced by 915 MHz electromagnetic radiation, continuous wave and modulated at 8, 16, 50 and 200 Hz.

Savitz, D.A., Checkoway, H. and Loomis, D.P., 1998a:

"Magnetic field exposure and neurodegenerative disease mortality among electric utility workers."
Epidemiology 9(4):398-404.

Savitz, D.A,, Loomis, D.P. and Tse, C.K., 1998b: "Electrical occupations and neurodegenerative
disease: analysis of U.S. mortality data." Arch Environ Health 53(1): 71-74.
Savitz, D.A., Liao, D., Sastre, A., Klecjner, R.C., and Kavet, R., 1999: "Magnetic field exposure and
cardiovascular disease mortality among electric utility workers." Am. J. Epidemiology, 149(2): 135-142.
Schirmacher, A, Bahr, A, Kullnick, U, Stoegbauer, F, 1999: Electromagnetic fields (1.75 GHz)
influence the permeability of the blood-brain barrier in cell culture model. Presented at the Twentieth
Annual Meeting of the Bioelectromagnetics Society, St. Pete Beach, FL, June.
Schlegel RE, Grant FH, Raman S, Reynolds D 1998: "Electromagnetic compatibility study of the invitro
interaction of wireless phones with cardiac pacemakers." Biomed Instrum Technol 32(6): 645-
655.
Shandala, M.G., Dumanskii, U.D., Rudnev, M.I., Ershova, L.K., and Los I.P., 1979: “Study of Nonionizing
Microwave Radiation Effects on the Central Nervous System and Behavior Reactions”.
Environmental Health Perspectives, 30:115-121.
Sobel, E., Davanipour, Z., Sulkava, R., Erkinjuntti, T., Wikstrom, J., Henderson, V.W., Bucjwalter, G.,
Bowman, D. and Lee, P-J., 1995: "Occupations with exposure to electromagnetic fields: a possible risk
factor for Alzheimer’s Disease." Am J Epidemiol 142(5): 515-524.
Sobel, E., Dunn, M., Davanipour, D.V.M., Qian, M.S. and Chui, M.D., 1996: "Elevated risk of
Alzheimer’s disease among workers with likely electromagnetic field exposure. Neurology 47(12):
1477-1481.
Stang, A., Anastassiou, G., Ahrens, W., Bromen, K., Bornfeld, N. and Jockel, K-H., 2001: "The
possible role of radiofrequency radiation in the development of Uveal Melanoma." Epidemiology 12(1):
7-12.
Szmigielski, S., Bielec, M., Lipski, S. and Sokolska, G., 1988: "Immunological and cancer-related
aspects of exposure to low level microwave and radiofrequency fields." In: Modern Bioelectricity
(Marino A ed). New York, Marcel Bekker, pp861-925.
Szmigielski, S., 1996: “Cancer morbidity in subjects occupationally exposed to high frequency
(radiofrequency and microwave) electromagnetic radiation”. Science of the Total Environment, Vol
180, 1996, pp 9-17.
Szmigielski, S., Bortkiewicz, A., Gadzicka, E., Zmyslony, M. and Kubacki, R., 1998: "Alteration of
diurnal rhythms of blood pressure and heart rate to workers exposed to radiofrequency
electromagnetic fields." Blood Press. Monit, 3(6): 323-330.
Thomas, T.L., Stolley, P.D., Stemhagen, A., Fontham, E.T.H., Bleecker, M.L., Stewart, P.A., and
Hoover, R.N., 1987: "Brain tumor mortality risk among men with electrical and electronic jobs: A casecontrol
study." J. Nat. Canc. Inst., Vol 79, No.2, pp 233-238., August 1987.
Tice, R., Hook, G. and McRee, D.I., 1999: "Genetic Damage from Cellphone Radiation." Proc. 30th
Annual Meeting of the Environmental Mutagen Society, Washington DC, March 1999.
Timchenko, O.I., and Ianchevskaia, N.V., 1995: “The cytogenetic action of electromagnetic fields in the
short-wave range”. Psychopharmacology Series, Jul-Aug;(7-8):37-9.
Trigano AJ, Azoulay A, Rochdi M, Campillo, A., 1999: "Electromagnetic interference of external
pacemakers by walkie-talkies and digital cellular phones: experimental study. Pacing Clin
Electrophysiol 22(4 Pt 1): 588-593.
Tynes, T., Hannevik, M., Anderson, A., Vistnes, A.I. and Haldorsen, T., 1996: “Incidence of breast
cancer in Norewegian female radio and telegraph operators”. Cancer causes Control., 7(2): 197-204.
Van Wijngaarden, E., Savitz, D.A., Kleckner, R.C., Dai, J. and Loomis, D., 2000: "Exposure to
electromagnetic fields and suicide among electric utility workers: a nested case-control study."
Occupational and Environ Medicine, 57: 258-263.
Velizarov, S, Raskmark, P, Kwee, S, 1999: The effects of radiofrequency fields on cell proliferation are
non-thermal. Bioelectrochem Bioenerg 48(1):177-180.
Verschaeve, L., Slaets, D., Van Gorp, U., Maes, A. and Vanderkom, J., 1994: "In vitro and in vivo
genetic effects of microwaves from mobile phone frequencies in human and rat peripheral blood
lymphocytes." Proceedings of Cost 244 Meetings on Mobile Communication and Extremely Low
Frequency field: Instrumentation and measurements in Bioelectromagnetics Research. Ed. D,
Simunic, pp 74-83.
Vijayalaxmi, B.Z., Frei, M.R., Dusch, S.J., Guel, V., Meltz, M.L. and Jauchem, J.R., 1997a: "Frequency
of micronuclei in the peripheral blood and bone marrow of cancer-prone mice chronically exposed to
2450 MHz radiofrequency radiation." Radiation Research, 147: 495-500.
Violanti, J.M., 1998: "Cellular phones and fatal traffic collisions." Accid Anal Prev 30(4): 519-524.
Violanti, J.M. and Marshall, J.R., 1996: "Cellular phones and traffic accidents: an epidemiological
approach." Accid Anal Prev 28(2): 265-270.
Von Klitzing, L, 1995: Low-frequency pulsed electromagnetic fields influence EG of man. Phys. Medica
11:77-80.
Yao. K.T., 1982: "Cytogenetic consequences of microwave irradiation on mammalian cells incubated
in vitro." J Hered 73(2): 133-138.
Youbicier-Simo, BJ, Lebecq, JC, Bastide, M, 1998: Mortality of chicken embryos exposed to EMFs
from mobile phones. Presented at the Twentieth Annual Meeting of the Bioelectromagnetics Society,
St. Pete Beach, FL, June.
Weyandt, T.B., Schrader, S.M., Turner, T.W. and Simon, S.D., 1996: "Semen analysis of military
personnel associated with military duty assignments." Reprod Toxicol 10(6):521-528.
Zaret, M.M., 1977: "Potential hazards of hertzian radiation and tumors. NY State J Med,146-147.

References

Cross-References

Internet References

Internet Cross-References

Internet Searches

Internet Cross-Reference Searches


UnderConstructionSign.GIF

This page is still under construction !
Please bookmark it and return at a later stage, to see more information, here.
THANK YOU for your visit.

Unless otherwise stated, the content of this page is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 License